|September 2016. International seminar on energy efficiency BEEC RU3 in Tokyo, Japan|
In 2010, a cooperation agreement was signed, including the rational use of energy resources, between the RF Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Economy of Trade and Industry of Japan.
The prerequisite to organizing the international seminar, BEEC RU3, in Tokyo for the issues of energy savings in buildings, was the longstanding joint work of the ministries in this direction. The Russian delegation who visited Japan in late September were representatives from different corners of our country: Moscow, Pskov, the Altai region, St. Petersburg, Belgorod and Kazan. Each region is responsible for careful attention to the energy consumption and an educational trip to Japan aroused a great interest for the goal to adopt the world's best practices in this area.
The delegation was lead by a specialist on energy savings and energy efficiency from the Department of Housing and Public Utilities of the RF Ministry of Construction of Russia, Alexander Fadeev. In his welcoming speech, he noted that the global goal of our country is to reduce energy intensity of GDP by 40% relative to 2008, by 2020. "However, this year it was decided to increase the rates of energy efficiency in the country, so we need to use the best international practices to achieve these ambitious objectives," Alexander Fadeev said.
The seminar's participants noted an interesting experience in Japan in the field of legislation, which, in addition to the requirements for achieving set targets (reduced energy consumption by 35% by 2030), also contains mandatory requirements for the labelling of equipment and determines the latest incentives to encourage the use of energy efficient equipment: these are various subsidies, tax credits, and funding of R&D in this area. Absolutely everyone in the country makes a financial contribution in energy saving measures: the "electricity tax," which is included in the total utility bill. Funds which come in to Treasury are distributed for various budgets in the responsible ministries. The "program of leaders" secured in legislation, is also very interesting (Top Runner Programme). Everything is simple: the Government of Japan in accordance with the competition, selects one producer in each category whose product has the highest energy efficiency class and instances it for the other manufacturers which have a few years to reach the level of the leader. Statistics shows that this program will help to reduce the energy consumption of a gas passenger transport by 48.8% over 15 years, and in the field of air-conditioning by 32.3% over 10 years, and in the field of refrigeration by 43% over 5 years.
Representatives of the UNDP-GEF Project, "Building energy efficiency in the North-West of Russia," also participated in the seminar and noted that Japan is one of the few countries in the world, which brought the concept of "Energy management" to the legislative level. The law on energy savings in this country obliges all companies whose energy consumption exceeds a designated document to establish a position of "Energy Manager." In General, the functions of Japanese energy managers in manufacturing is very similar to the daily duties of the first Russian regional energy Manager, who has been working for a year in the Pskov region. Project Manager, Vitaly Bekker spoke on this subject at the end of the training week. He noted that in the near future, there will be new energy managers in Russia in other regions and a National energy Manager will be assigned who will be responsible for expanding the roadmap for the implementation of the EMIS energy management system and energy monitoring throughout the country which is being prepared by the Russian Energy Agency as instructed by the Minister of Energy Alexander Novak. Vitaly invited his Japanese colleagues to visit Russia with the purpose of acquainting himself with the program and its capabilities.
During the seminar, members of the Russian delegation also got acquainted with the advanced technologies applied in construction of energy efficient buildings, production and transfer of thermal energy, water supply and water disposal and waste processing.
On its part, the Russian Federation's regions presented the experience for introduction of energy efficient technologies in construction of energy-efficient buildings. In particular, the Vice-Governor of the Pskov region, Alexander Kuznetsov, spoke about the completion of the house construction in Porkhov. In the design of the house, the specialists of the UNDP-GEF Project, "Building energy efficiency in the North-West of Russia," considered the most replicated and least expensive measures which will bring significant savings in energy consumption and, as a consequence, reduction of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. After commissioning the monitoring process of energy consumption, the energy-efficient apartment buildings will be started.
As Alexander Kuznetsov noted, we need to adopt the best practices in housing, and share technology in the field of communal energy and waste processing. What we implemented as a pilot project in Japan has been implemented for many years everywhere. "We need to aspire to, and then on the one hand living cost will decline, and on the other hand, it will significantly increase the quality of housing," concluded the Deputy Governor.
In conclusion of the study, visit participants exchanged views on further Russo-Japanese cooperation in energy conservation and energy efficiency in our countries and expressed hope to meet soon on the largest forum on this topic: ENES 2016, which will be held in Moscow from 23 to 25 November 2016. The following topics for future seminars are considered: the legislation in more details (including the field of energy management), practical manuals on rational use of energy (energy management), standards and labeling of energy efficient equipment, demonstration of more standard objects for energy-efficient construction in Japan (including in colder regions).